The unification of Germany in 1990 was a breakthrough that occurred with unexpected speed. While economic and social challenges remain to this day, it is still considered a miracle that it was possible to unite two countries politically, legally, monetarily, economically and militarily in such a short period of time. The eventual outcome of a Germany united and fully integrated into the West, the EU and NATO was not obvious at the time, when a variety of competing concepts on the future of Germany were circulating. Events would take over and the most decisive factor was the role of leaders who seized opportunities when they presented themselves – and succeeded in producing a good outcome. Does this case hold lessons for other divided nations?